Tuesday, May 26, 2020
What The Best Essay Topics on the Mind Is - and What it Is Not A Startling Fact about the Best Essay Topics on the Mind Uncovered Moreover, you wish to go for an essay topic that's going to make it possible for you to demonstrate your skills to the best of your ability. You may see that the method is virtually always the exact same. If you think that you require assistance with your written assignments it is preferable to ask for skilled help from online writing service. As previously noted, there's in addition the choice to get help with the remainder of the assignment. Writing a superb persuasive essay is not a simple task, however, it's achievable. The writers may also aid you with your essay topic and compose the full paper for you. More important is to opt for an essay topic that you are going to be interested in writing with passion. Nobody really wishes to compose an essay. The thesis gives you a guideline on how best to go about with writing the essay. 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Tuesday, May 19, 2020
The Duality of Human Nature One of the most vital concepts incorporated into The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is the representation and depiction of the duality of mankind. Jekyll works to find a solution which will separate him into his reckless, immoral persona and his respectable, Victorian self. After consumption, this potion causes him to completely transform into a man who is known as Hyde. As Hyde, he can express himself in immoral, evil ways. This not only includes moral and immoral wants but rational and irrational wants. Not only does this transformation enable him to keep his good reputation even while he does horrid, unacceptable things, but it allows him to do things which he most likely would not evenÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The conscious mind is above the waterline, the preconscious is below the waterline but still visible, and the unconscious is well submerged beneath the water and is not visible to us. Though Jekyll is fully responsible for his behavior and actions, Hyde is not. While Jekyll has the option to do good or evil, Hyde is completely focused on evil as this was the intent of the transformation. The fact that Jekyll chose to create a potion to bring forth Hyde rather than bringing forth someone who was concentrated on pure good shows that Even a respectable man such as Jekyll had unconscious urges to do bad. Ã¢â¬Å"If he had Ã¢â¬Å"approached [his] discovery in a more noble spirit,Ã¢â¬ willing the good to overpower the evil, he would have Ã¢â¬Å"come forth an angel instead of a fiendÃ¢â¬ . Hyde on the other hand has no choice other than to do evil, and therefore it is arguable whether he should really be blamed for his actions. Though duality in human nature is the central idea of the book, we do not become fully aware or even able to understand how it has any relevance to the book until the very end. Jekyll very clearly states his thoughts on this in chapter 10 Ã¢â¬Å"man is not truly one, but truly twoÃ¢â¬ . Not only does he believe this, but also he believes that these two sides of man are Ã¢â¬Å"Polar twinsÃ¢â¬ . Though the large majority of the focus is placed on Jekyll when trying to express this concept, we also see Utterson becoming Ã¢â¬Å"curiousÃ¢â¬ at times whichShow MoreRelatedDuality Of Human Nature949 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesin literature is the duality of human nature. According to the Merriam Webster Dictionary, dualism is a view of human beings as constituted of two irreducible elements. Many pieces of literature concentrate on how every human possesses an animalistic and barbarous nature. In the novel The Strange Case of Dr.Jekyll and Mr.Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson, the play Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, and the short story William Wilson by Edgar Allan Poe, the idea of duality is explored deeply andRead MoreMacbeth : The Duality Of Human Nature1741 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages One of the prominent themes is appearance versus reality, the duality of human nature. In Macbeth we see this theme numerous times in many of the scenes. In act 1 scene 3 Macbeth meets the witches for the first time they give him the vision of being Ã¢â¬Ëthane of CawdorÃ¢â¬â¢ and thereafter the Ã¢â¬ËkingÃ¢â¬â¢ himself. After the vision we begin to see that Macbeth has begun pondering whether he shall murder Duncan and taking his Ã¢â¬ËrightfulÃ¢â¬â¢ place as king. However at the end of this scene he begins to think in a rationalRead MoreStevenson and Conrad: The Duality of Human Nature 778 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesaspects of human life. In 1859 Charles Darwin published The Origin of Species, a work that opposed the traditional way of perceiving religion. Candyce Klin author of Ã¢â¬Å"Darwinism as A Cultural IssueÃ¢â¬ , states that The Origin of Species proposed the theory that all living creatures had to compete within their own preconditions in order to survive. This may b e why the controversial issue of the duality of human nature has been found at the heart of many Victorian works. The theme of the duality of man canRead MoreStevenson and Conrad: The Duality of Human Nature 949 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesConrad also employs the literary device of symbolism to further display the theme, the duality of human nature in his novella Heart of Darkness. Three major examples of symbolism are evident in this novella. These examples include, light and dark, the Congo River, and ivory. Similar to Stevenson, Conrad uses light and dark symbolism throughout his novella. Yet curiously in Heart of Darkness, light does not symbolize genuine goodness nor does dark symbolize pure calamity. Marlow proves this when heRead MoreStevenson and Conrad: The Duality of Human Nature 680 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagespersonification is found in both The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Heart of Darkness. This literary device is shown to further demonstrate the theme, the duality in human nature. Personification is defined as the ascription of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of a theoretical quality in human form. Stevenson uses personification to figuratively make London come alive. Mr. Utterson comments on the scenery by saying: Ã¢â¬Å"the fog still slept ... lampsRead More Stevenson and Conrad: The Duality of Human Nature 1793 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesaspects of human life. In 1859 Charles Darwin published The Origin of Species, a work that opposed the traditional way of perceiving religion. Candyce Klin author of Ã¢â¬Å"Darwinism as A Cultural IssueÃ¢â¬ , states that The Origin of Species proposed the theory that all living creatures had to compete within their own preconditions in order to survive. This may be why the controversial issue of the duality of human nature has been found at the heart of many Victorian works. The theme of the duality of man canRead MoreThe Duality of Human Nature: MenÃ¢â ¬â¢s Roles Essay1752 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Duality of Human Nature: MenÃ¢â¬â¢s Roles What truly defines a man? What roles should men hold in society? According to Victorian society, men should be respectful, successful and well known, which often restricted men from enjoying the pleasures of life and revealing their true self. Both Victorian writers, Robert Stevenson and Oscar Wilde, depict the roles of men in their works, while making a critique about the roles that are set by men in society. In the narrative, The Strange Case of DrRead MoreThe Duality of Human Nature in Stevensons Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde547 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesStevenson uses the characters of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde to expresses his beliefs about human duality by introducing them as two contrasting characters, instead of just one character. Using two completely different characters with different names and appearances gets his message of human duality across more effectively rather than using just one character that turns a different colour when its angry, for example. We meet Mr Hyde, Ã¢â¬Å"a pale, dwarfish manÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"of no particular ageÃ¢â¬ , and we meet DrRead MoreJekyll And Hyde Character Analysis968 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnovel, Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, explores the duality of human nature. He writes this novel to show us that humans have split personalities, and that there are two sides to humanÃ¢â¬â¢s personality: good and evil. In the late-Victorian literature, duality appears to be a common theme; serving as a way for modern readers to analyze late-Victorian literature and culture. Stevenson weaves throughout the novel a theme of duality + which appears in the characters of both Jekyll and Hyde as wellRead MoreThe Role Of Duality In Romeo And Juliet1632 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDuality is the nature in which anything and everything bear antithetical complexion, all of which are true. In our perspective, the Earth is an enormous planet; however, itÃ¢â¬â¢s also a speck of dust suspended in space. The villain and th e hero of a story are one individual, just perceived differently; for example, Batman is nothing without Joker. Besides, how boring would it be to watch a Batman movie if there were no villains? Thus, you have no hero until you have a villain. Duality can also be characterized
Friday, May 15, 2020
The full implementation of the Common Core State Standards has come and gone, but its true impact on schools and education as a whole may still not be known for several years. Certainly, the shift to a national set of standards has been revolutionary and highly controversial. They have been debated and well discussed, and a handful of states once committed to the standards have recanted to go in a different direction. As the media continues to evaluate the significance of the Common Core and data from Common Core states begin to pour in, you can bet the debate will rage on. In the meantime, lets examine several of the pros and cons of the Common Core Standards that will continue to lead the debate. PROS International Benchmark. The Common Core State Standards are internationally benchmarked. This means that our standards will compare favorably to standards of other countries. This is positive in that the United States has dropped considerably in educational rankings over the last few decades. Standards that are internationally benchmarked can help improve that ranking.States Performance Can Be Compared Accurately. The Common Core State Standards allow states to compare standardized test scores accurately. Up until the Common Core Standards, each state had its own set of standards and assessments. This has made it exceedingly difficult to compare one states results accurately with another stateÃ¢â¬â¢s results. This is no longer the case with like standards and assessments for Common Core states who share the same assessments.Lower Costs for Test Development. The Common Core State Standards decrease the costs states pay for test development, scoring, and reporting, as individual sta tes will no longer have to pay to have their unique tools developed. Each of the states that share the same standards can develop a like test to meet their needs and split costs. Currently, there are two major Common Core-related testing consortia. Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium is made up of 15 states and PARCC consists of nine states.College Readiness. The Common Core Standards increase the rigor in some classrooms and may better prepare students for college and global work success. This is probably the single biggest reason that the Common Core Standards were created. Higher education has long complained that more and more students need remediation at the beginning of college. The increased rigor should lead students to be better prepared for life after high school.Higher Thinking Skills. The Common Core State StandardsÃ¢â¬âarguablyÃ¢â¬âlead to the development of higher level thinking skills in our students. Students today often are tested on one skill at a time. Th e Common Core assessment will cover several skills within each question. This will ultimately lead to better problem-solving skills and increased reasoning.Progress Monitoring Tools. The Common Core State Standards assessments give teachers a tool to monitor studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ progress throughout the year. The assessments will have optional pre-test and progress monitoring tools that teachers can use to find out what a student knows, where they are going, and to figure out a plan to get them where they need to be. This gives teachers an avenue to compare an individual studentÃ¢â¬â¢s progress instead of one student against another.Multi-Assessment Model. The Common Core State Standards assessments are more authentic to a childÃ¢â¬â¢s learning experience. We will be able to see what a student has learned across all curricula through the multi-assessment model. Students will no longer simply be allowed to come up with the right answer. Often times they must give an answer, state how they arrived at that conclusion, and defend it.Same Standards Across States. The Common Core State Standards can benefit students with high mobility when they transfer from one Common Core state into another. States will now share the same set of standards. Students in Arkansas should be learning the same thing as a student in New York. This will benefit students whose families move constantly.Stability. The Common Core State Standards give students stability, thus allowing them to understand what is expected of them. This is important in that if a student understands what, and why they are learning something, there becomes a greater sense of purpose behind learning it.Teacher Collaboration. In many ways, the Common Core State Standards enhance teacher collaboration and professional development. Teachers across the nation have been teaching the same curriculum. This allows teachers in opposite corners of the nation to share their best practices with each other and apply it. It also provides the opportunity for meaningful professional development as the education community is all on the same page. Finally, the standards have sparked a meaningful, nationwide conversation about the state of education in general. CONS Difficult Transition. The Common Core State Standards have been a tremendously difficult adjustment for students and teachers. It was not the way many teachers were used to teaching and not the way that many students were used to learning. There have not been instant results but instead, has been a slow process with many almost refusing to get on board.Educator Attrition. The Common Core State Standards have caused many outstanding teachers and administrators to pursue other career options. Many veteran teachers have retired rather than adjust the way they teach. The stress of getting their students to perform will likely continue to cause more teacher and administrator burnout.Too Vague. The Common Core State Standards are vague and broad. The standards are not particularly specific, but many states have been able to deconstruct or unwrap the standards making them more teacher friendly.Increased Rigor for Some States. The Common Core State Standards have forced younger students to l earn more at a quicker pace than they ever have before. With the increased rigor and higher level thinking skills, early childhood programs have become more rigid. Pre-Kindergarten has become more important, and skills students used to learn in second grade are being taught in Kindergarten.Lack of Modifications for Students With Special Needs. The Common Core State Standards assessment does not have an equivalency test for students with special needs. Many states provide students with special needs a modified version of a test, but there is no such tool for the Common Core Standards. The entire schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s population have their results reported for accountability purposes.Less Rigorous Than Some Previous Standards. The Common Core State Standards could be watered down when compared to a few states who had previously developed and adopted rigorous standards. The Common Core Standards were designed as a middle ground of the current state standards, meaning that while many statesÃ¢ â¬â¢ standards were raised, there were some whose rigor decreased.Costly Material. The Common Core State Standards caused many textbooks to become obsolete. This was a pricey fix as many schools had to develop or purchase new curricula and materials that were aligned to the Common Core.Technology Costs. The Common Core State Standards costs schools a lot of money to update the technology needed for the assessments, as most of them are online. This created many issues for districts who had to purchase enough computers for all students to be assessed in a timely manner.Focus on Standardized Testing. The Common Core State Standards have led to an increased value on standardized test performance. High stakes testing is already a trending issue, and now that states are able to compare their performance against other states accurately, the stakes have only become higher.Limited Subject Scope. The Common Core State Standards currently only include skills associated with English-Language Arts (ELA) and Mathematics. There is currently no science, social studies, or art/music Common Core Standards. This leaves it up to individual states to develop their own set of standards and assessments for these topics.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
On most occasions, an object can be more clearly explained to the reader if the writer uses a symbol to represent it. In politics, flags, banners, acronyms, and pictures can be used as a symbol. For example, the United States flag contains fifty stars, each star representing a state. It also contains thirteen horizontal stripes. These stripes signify the thirteen colonies. Symbols are also used in math operations, shapes, and sets of numbers. For instance, in the equation 20+10=30, the + symbol is used for addition, and the = symbol is used to show the answer for the equation. Colors may also be used as a symbol. In some countries, the color white represents purity while the color black embodies evil or mourning. Colors, inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Miss. Havisham literally stopped her life when she refused to see the light of day. It appeared as if nobody lived in Satis House. The place, like Miss. Havisham, slowly began to decay. Cobwebs, insects, and dust dominated the scene at Satis House. Even the rotting wedding cake intended to be consumed on such a festive day lay there on a grubby table. This gloomy, dreary, and unclean house was complete with the dreadful memories of the decrepit Miss. Havisham. Another symbol used in Great Expectations is the mist in the marshes. When Pip was small, he lived near the marshes. The marshes are Great ExpectationsÃ¢â¬â¢ setting, a place where Pip meets the convict, his benefactor, for the first time. He met him in a bad situation and since Pip was so naÃ ¯ve, Abel, the convict, tried scaring him into doing what he wanted him to do. The marshes were the place where dangerous scenes happened in the novel. Sometimes the marshes were not mentioned, but were substituted with words like: the cloudy sky, the fog, and the cemetery. Explaining the marshes in an article titled Ã¢â¬Å"Great Expectations: Themes, Motifs, and Symbols,Ã¢â¬ the author declares, Ã¢â¬Å"The misty marshes alert the reader that this apparently positive development in his life may have dangerous consequencesÃ¢â¬ (5). These misty marshes symbolize Ã¢â¬Å"danger and uncertaintyÃ¢â¬ (5). In this novel, when something dangerous is about to happen, the marshes appear. Finally, fireShow MoreRelatedDescribe an Important Setting in the Novel Great Expectations817 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessetting in the novel. London. An important setting in Ã¢â¬Å"Great ExpectationsÃ¢â¬ by Charles Dickens is London, which is viewed as a place of economic competition and death. The bleakness of the places in London foreshadow a series of unfortunate events for Pip Dickens did not romanticize London but instead gives us a good hard look at the backstreets and alleys where the real life existed. An important setting in the novel Great Expectations is London this setting reveals important themes in the novelRead More Magwitchs Manipulations of Pip in Great Expectations Essay2512 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesMagwitchs Manipulations of Pip in Great Expectations Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In Great Expectations, Charles Dickens criticizes the motivation of the lower classes to rise to the level of wealth and education held by the upper classes by showing the extent to which Pip is exploited by Magwitch to meet these goals. To meet the expectations of the gentleman, Pip must leave his family and any possibility of earning his living in order to satisfy the educational and societal demands of this standard. MagwitchRead MoreEssay on Great Expectation Test(Answers)2319 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesStage I of Pips Expectations: Ch. I to IX Chapter I 1. How does Dickens use setting to convey the mood right at the opening? Charles Dickens uses theÃ imagery of a bleak,Ã unforgiving NatureÃ in his exposition of Great Expectations to convey the mood of fear in Chapter 1.Ã The weather is described as raw and the graveyard a bleak place.Ã The small bundle of shivers is Pip himself, who is terrified by a fearful man, all in coarse grey, with a great iron on his leg.Ã He is a desperateRead MoreDavid Copperfield9349 Words Ã |Ã 38 PagesDavid Copperfield by Charles DickensÃ¢â¬ ¦. Analysis by: Shrook Essam El-Din Table of Contents: a- Abstract . b- Charles Dickens life . c- Similarity between Charles childhood and David Copperfield . d- Autobiographical Elements of David Copperfield . e- Plot summary . f- Major themes . g- List of references . a- Abstract : David Copperfield captured the hearts and imagination of generations of readers since the day of its publication. Charles Dickens chose the main characterRead MoreThe Colonial Implications in Jane Eyre and Great Expectations3008 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesthese claims of Spivak be applied to Charles Dickens Great Expectations and Charlotte Brontes Jane Eyre and to what extent do these novelists draw from the colonial discourse in their representation of the `non- Western world? The Victorian novel has performed an important service in Eurocentric epistemologies and colonial ideologies in formulating the colonial discourse and establishing the alterity of `self and the `Other. Both Great Expectations and Jane Eyre, like most novels producedRead More Virginia Woolfs Jacobs Room - Jacob Flanders, Many Things to Many Readers4383 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagescomplement in fiction to Eliots formula for emotional expression in poetry, the objective correlative. While Eliots description of the ideal artistic technique tries to be concise and formulaic, a direct mimetic correspondence, Woolfs technique is symbolic and metaphoric, collective, indefinite, and infinitely more subtle. To describe Jacobs Room as revolutionary is no exaggeration. Her style matured immensely between the 1915 publication of The Voyage Out and the 1917 publication of Night andRead MoreCultural Control in Organizations4076 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pagesrule someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour.Ã¢â¬ Within the context of organization, control may be defined as a process whereby management or other groups are able to initiate and regulate the conduct of activities such that their results accord with the goals and expectations held by those groups. Control, in an organization has four dimensions: * Technical * Social * Political * Cultural The technical aspect ensures allocation and assessment of resources. The social aspect is all about controllingRead MoreWizard of Oz as a Fairytale Essay4056 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pagesconscious cultural material (3). The more of this a story has, the less in tune with the collective unconscious psychic processes it is, ie: the further away it is from the archetypal fairy story. Oz was written at a fin-de-siecle time of great transformation in the USA. I think, subconsciously, Baum was able to intuit and express some of his contemporaneous social environment. Von Franz writes that fairytales intuitively reflect human truths but this is due to their collectiveRead MoreANALIZ TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS28843 Words Ã |Ã 116 Pagesthe text reveals under close examination. Any literary work is unique. It is created by the author in accordance with his vision and is permeated with his idea of the world. The readerÃ¢â¬â¢s interpretation is also highly individual and depends to a great extent on his knowledge and personal experience. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why one cannot lay down a fixed Ã¢â¬Å"modelÃ¢â¬ for a piece of critical appreciation. Nevertheless, one can give information and suggestions that may prove helpful. PLOT The Elements of Plot When weRead MoreDisneyland analysis8865 Words Ã |Ã 36 Pagesexpendable resource for capital accumulation than traditional investment capital, both for private companies and for governments. Cultural capital is considered here as a form of economic capital invested in the production of culture, rather than a symbolic capital, a personÃ¢â¬â¢s or groupÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge. These circuits of capital are not abstract notions; they are anchored in space where they create geographical landscapes. The company and its imagineers have been pushed by investors to create more and
Regulation The way a society functions is strictly based on the type of culture in which they reside in. A individuals, habits, actions and personality are all shaped, by the infrastructure, rules, and regulations that they have to abide by while residing in society. It is not to say that these policies are a negative notion, but they do certainly shape your lifestyle, and your choices in many ways. By taking a look at regulation it is important to note that, our government has a huge role in the lives of its citizens it resides over. The United States Federal government has its exercise of sovereignty, in other-words, it has legal and accepted authority to regulate peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s living within a certain geographic area that it has jurisdictionÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Regulation is a major activity at all levels of government. As society becomes more complex, regulations must grow and evolved to meet the demands of a developing society. Concentrating more on the role of regula tion, it can be noted that it is a system that helps protect individuals from one another. So from buyers to sellers; from employee to employer; tenants to landlords, and so on. Regulations is also implemented to alleviate human suffering and promote overall welfare. For instance, aid in the form of Social Security and to Veterans, natural disaster relief, regulation of pollution and toxins, as well as temporary assistance for the unemployed. Last, and most importantly regulation is implemented to minimize and eliminate corruption and abuse of power by government agencies or officials. (Book Source) Taking into account the terms and ideologies stated above, it is easily understood why, we as individuals have decided for so many years, to abide by this social contract with our government. We gain the most benefit from this quid pro quo relationship. Administrative Law and Regulatory Agencies Since we abide by this social contract, it is important to understand how this system works for its citizens that it has jurisdiction over. By looking from the outside in, how our government operates is illustrated by its
Question: Discuss about the Analysis Of Managerial Issues In Organisation. Answer: Management issues The analysis of the case study shows that there are certain managerial issues that affect the working of the organisation. The issues include: Selection: The first problem that the organisation had was the selection of Tim. Without a proper background check of the work that he had done, Shannon had given Tom the job over dinner and due to a prior relationship that they had. Biases: Frank had sent an email to Shannon over Toms performance due to the failure to meet the standards of the organisation. The fact that Franks indifferent attitude towards Tom led to such an email indicates that Frank is being biased and wanting to fire Tom. Motivation: According to Schermerhorn et al. (2014), motivation plays an important role in increasing the efficiency of the employees. In this case, the attitude and mistrust shown by Frank over Tom had a de-motivating influence on the individual. Leadership: Leadership is another factor that is required for growth in an organisation (Chemers 2014). However, due to the indifferent attitude of Frank on Tom discussions regarding the meetings and open communication were not done. Unprofessional behaviour: Every organisation has the policy to treat its employees with respect. However, the indifferent attitude showed by Frank over the appointment of Tom indicates unprofessional behaviour as efforts were made to get rid of Tom from the organisation. Organisational impact The above-mentioned issues can have a serious negative impact on the quality of work of the organisation. The fact that sudden selection is done without proper procedure indicates that the organisation may not have a proper system for selection and recruitment (Cascio 2018). This can lead to huge losses for the organisation as the selected employee may not be effective for maintaining the quality and reputation of the organisation. The biased attitude shown by Frank over Tom is indicative of the violation of organisational policies. As stated by Marchington et al. (2018) performance appraisal needs to be done without any type of biases. Apart from this, it has been seen that Tom was not motivated enough by the organisation. This may lead to employee turnover as without motivation employees cannot work in an organisation. Leadership also need to be provided so that the employees can be guided to continue the good work. Lack of leadership may lead the employees to provide inefficient services to the organisation (Antonakis and House 2014). The lack of professional attitude shown by Frank over Tom can deplete the organisation of its resources. The fact that Tom had done well in his previous position as sales executive speaks highly of the talents of Tom. Hence, getting rid of such an individual due to personal issues can cause a huge problem for the organisation. The fact that Frank has been putting pressure on Tom to achieve certain improbable goals indicates his dislike for Tom. Such problems between two members in an organisation can bring about the downfall of the organisation, as both the individuals hold the important position in the organisation. Motivational theories Despite the indifferent attitude showed by Frank on Tom, the urgency of the project that he had assigned Tom, need to be considered. With a low-performance appraisal, score and the fact that Tom had been pressurised to work on Frank's project instead of the kiosk project is a cause of de-motivation for Frank. In this regard, it can be said that certain theories related to motivation can be used so that Tom can complete the work on time. One such motivational theory is Herzbergs dual factor theory of motivation. This theory suggests that human beings are driven by two factors, the hygiene and the motivating factor, in order to work efficiently. Job security, proper supervision on the job, policies of the company is some of the factors that if not met can lead an individual to be dissatisfied with the job (Ozguner and Ozguner 2014). Hence, it is necessary for Frank to maintain a proper supervision of the work done by Tom and provide him with the required support necessary for completing the work. In this regard, it can be said that Maslows hierarchy of needs can be applied to motivate Tom. As stated by Cherry (2014) one of the needs of an individual is the security of a job. Without a proper job, security employees can never be motivated to continue to work in an efficient manner. In the case of Tom, the indifferent attitude of Frank and the emailing of the performance appraisal letter had him insecure about his job. Frank need to reassure him that such is not the case and that Tom can keep his position as well as his job if he completes the project on time. Hence, it is necessary for Frank to set small goals for improving the performance of Tom. Specific goals can help an individual achieve the target rather than working without goals (Pinard 2014). This can be done by using the goal-theory which states that small goals are required for the success of an organisation. Frank needs to impose the urgency of the project in a lenient manner so that Tom does not feel any added pressure and continue with the project by providing his best efforts. Theories of Human Resources After analysing the performance of the organisation and the role that the individuals play in achieving an organisational target, it is necessary to apply certain human resource theories that can help in improving the efficiency and overall performance. In this regard, it can be said that the immediate issue that can be spotted is the issue related to a selection of employees. According to Sparrow, Brewster and Chung (2016), recruitment and selection are important for the success of an organisation. Without recruiting proper and talented candidates, organisations cannot hope to gain success in the competitive market. Hence, it is necessary for a candidate to undergo a proper recruitment process that involves various steps such as background check on the eligibility of the job, experience and the skills that are required for gaining success at the job. This is a long process and every individual needs to undertake this process for having a proper selection in the organisation. However, in the case of Tom, such a process was absent ass Tom got the job due to the goodwill of Shannon. This huge human resource issue led to the dislike of Frank, as Tom was a junior person in the organisation in which he worked earlier. Another important theory that can be applied is the performance management theory. It is to be noted that during performance management, the managers need to be unbiased on any of the employees (Pervin 2015). The employees need to be judged based on the work done during the work period. Personal issues need to be cast aside while conducting such an analysis. This leads to effective judgement of the performance of an employee. In the case of Tom, this was not the case as Frank had delivered sent the performancemanagement email to Shannon based on his dislike for Tom. This is an indication of de-motivation as well as based behaviour regarding a particular employee. The result of the email led to jeopardising the professional career of Tom. Thus, this acted as a de-motivating factor for the individual. Theories of leadership The attitude showed by Frank over Tom led to the rise of leadership issues within the organisation. It has been seen that the refusal to communicate properly with Tom and provide him with the empowerment to make decisions are indicative of the adoption of the autocratic type of leadership. According to Dinh et al. (2014), autocratic leaders take every decision-making powers in their own hands. The employees are not given any liberty to make decisions that can help in the success of the organisation. An autocratic leader dictates the things that they want the employees to do so that the team goals and the organisational goal can be achieved. In the case of Frank, this type of approach towards Tom can lead to more disappointment for the individual. Frank need to keep in mind that the project in which Tom is working on is important and need to be completed within the deadline provided. Hence, it is necessary for Frank to adopt a more subtle approach and adopt the democratic leadership style to help Tom be motivated in doing his work. According to Northouse (2015), democratic style of leadership acts as a form of a motivational factor for the employees as employees are provided with the opportunity to make their own decisions. Employees can be involved in the decision-making process and leaders following a democratic style encourage employees to innovate their thoughts. This leads to an improved performance among the employees and the efficiency increases. In the case of Frank, the adoption of this leadership approach can help him to motivate and encourage Tom from completing his work on time. Tom even has the urge to shift his job position to another department that does not involve Frank as a leader. Hence, to prevent such issues it is necessary for Frank to change his style of leadership. Reference Antonakis, J. and House, R.J., 2014. Instrumental leadership: Measurement and extension of transformationaltransactional leadership theory.The Leadership Quarterly,25(4), pp.746-771. Cascio, W., 2018.Managing human resources. McGraw-Hill Education. Chemers, M., 2014.An integrative theory of leadership. Psychology Press. Cherry, K., 2014. Hierarchy of needs.Retrieved Aug,16, p.2014. Dinh, J.E., Lord, R.G., Gardner, W.L., Meuser, J.D., Liden, R.C. and Hu, J., 2014. Leadership theory and research in the new millennium: Current theoretical trends and changing perspectives.The Leadership Quarterly,25(1), pp.36-62. Marchington, M., Wilkinson, A., Donnelly, R. and Kynighou, A., 2016.Human resource management at work. Kogan Page Publishers. Northouse, P.G., 2015.Leadership: Theory and practice. Sage publications. Ozguner, Z. and Ozguner, M., 2014. A managerial point of view on the relationship between of Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Herzberg's dual factor theory.International Journal of Business and Social Science,5(7). Pervin, L.A. ed., 2015.Goal concepts in personality and social psychology. Psychology Press. Pinard, L., 2014. goal setting theory.Learning,4, p.06. Schermerhorn, J., Davidson, P., Poole, D., Woods, P., Simon, A. and McBarron, E., 2014.Management: Foundations and Applications (2nd Asia-Pacific Edition). John Wiley Sons. Sparrow, P., Brewster, C. and Chung, C., 2016.Globalizing human resource management. Routledge.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
1518 (150 Kb); Oil On Wood, 154 X 119 Cm (60 5/8 X 46 7/8 In); Uffizi, Essay FlorenceIt was for this achievement that Raphael has remained famous throughout the centuries. Perhaps those who connect his name only with beautiful Madonnas and idealized figures from the classical world may even be surprised to see Raphaels portrait of his great patron Pope Leo X of the Medici family, in the company of two cardinals. There is nothing idealized in the slightly puffed head of the near- sighted Pope, who has just examined an old manuscript (somewhat similar in style and period to the Queen Marys Psalter. The velvets and damasks in their various rich tones add to the atmosphere of pomp and power, but one can well imagine that these men are not at ease. These were troubled times, for we remember that at the very period when this portrait was painted Luther had attacked the Pope for the way he raised money for the new St Peters. It so happens that it was Raphael himself whom Leo X had put in charge of this building enterprise after Bramante had died in 1514, and thus he had also become an architect, designing churches, villas and palaces and studying the ruins of ancient Rome. Unlike his great rival Michelangelo, though, he got on well with people and could keep a busy workshop going. Thanks to his sociable qualities the scholars and dignitaries of the papal court made him their companion. There was even talk of his being made a cardinal when he died on his thirty-seventh birthday, almost as young as Mozart, having crammed into his brief life an astonishing diversity of artistic achievements.